Assessment must create a culture of learning and hope. This can only happen when the assessment architecture is tightly designed and effectively employed. Student Investment is the extent to which learners are engaged in their learning and able to describe where they are and how they can grow. This type of self-regulation is only possible when students clearly understand what they are trying to achieve, have a sense of what quality work looks like, and can adapt and revise to get closer to the learning goal. When deep student investment exists, the culture of the school and classroom is focused on learning and students use instruction and assessment activities to understand where they are in their learning. This information leads to action where students strive to thrive—meaning they are taking steps forward in their learning and seeing value, relevance and meaning in their work. Students gain confidence and efficacy in these spaces because they are seeing results (Vagle, 2015).